Q.        What is a "goldendoodle?"
A.        A goldendoodle is a hybrid dog that gets its name from its mixed heritage --
golden retriever and poodle.

Q .        What does f1, f1b, etc. mean? And what, if any are the attributes and/or benefits of the different
A.          "F1" is the term used to describe a first generation goldendoodle; the parents are 100% golden
retriever and 100% poodle.
The F1 is a popular choice and does well in households where allergies are not an issue.  The first
generation litter can produce a variety of coat types within the same litter.  
Flat coats are nearly retriever looking and are likely to shed.  Few pups, if any, in the litter will be a flat
The wavy coat is a going to less likely to shed in an f1 litter.  The puppy may or may not have visible
waves but will get wavier as it gets older, eventually "doodling out" into a nice, full, wavy coat.  
"F1b" is a goldendoodle bred to a poodle, a "back cross".  While it may seem that this results in a doodle
that is 75% poodle, it is a 100% doodle with poodle bred back into it.  The coats of an f1b are generally
more consistent and predictable than in an f1 litter and are generally better for people who have
allergies.  The additional poodle bred back into the offspring adds more wave into the coat that is less
likely to shed.  A flat coat may occasionally result in an f1b litter, and one or two of the pups (in a typical
litter of 8) are likely to have curlier coats, with most of the litter having nice, full, wavy to slightly curly
coats.  Some of our clients worry that an f1b puppy will be "too poodly" for them.  More often than not, a
"poodly" looking doodle has been groomed by someone who is not adept at grooming doodles.  
Occasionally, an f1b or multigenerational pup may have a coat that is more tightly curled than its
littermates - still not a poodle coat - and that would not be a pup we would place with a family who does
not want such a coat type.  
"F2" is an F1 goldendoodle x F1 goldendoodle.  We do not breed F2 goldendoodles nor do any of the top
breeders we work with.  The F2 will have puppies in each litter that are straight coated.  
Anything past an F1b is referred to as a multigenerational goldendoodle, such as:
      F1bb -                F1b x poodle
      F2b                    F1b x goldendoodle
      F3                      F1b x F1b, or F2b x poodle

The multigenerational goldendoodles are going to be similar to the F1b in coat types, sometimes more
curl may show up in some litters than others depending upon the coat type of the parents.

Q.        Why do breeders breed anything besides an F1?
A.        As stated above, the F1's may have straight or flatter coats and may shed.  By infusing poodle
into the next line, the coat types and lack of shedding are more predictable and consistent.   You can
expect that the chance of having a non-shedding goldendoodle goes from about 40% to 95-99% in an f1b
and multigen.
Additionally, when adding dogs to a breeding program, a breeder will  often desire to keep puppies from
their own line - first of all, there isn't an additional expense to purchase a puppy from an outside
breeder, and the lines are known and the breeder is assured that the parents are, indeed, fully tested
and cleared and knows the personalities.  When keeping a puppy, the breeder needs to find an unrelated,
quality tested dog to breed with it.  If an f1 has been kept back, the next litter in the line would be an
f1b.  If an f1b is kept, the next litter in the line would be an f1bb or f2b, and so one.   

Q.        Does it matter which parent is the golden retriever and which one is poodle?
A.        No, it does not matter which parent is the golden retriever and which parent is the poodle.  

Q.        Is it true that the F1 is the healthiest and most desirable goldendoodle?
A.        Regarding the often-asked question as to whether the F1 is the healthiest choice, our answer is
both "it is true" and "it is not true".  The theory is perpetuated online and even by vets.  The
assumption is that a cross of two purebred dogs from different breeds will have what is referred to as
"hybrid vigor", in other words, that the bad health traits of each parent will be bred out instead of two
dogs of the same breed - most likely sharing some or all of the negative traits - would produce pups with
those same negative traits. So, if you have two less than genetically sound dogs, the hybrid vigor can be
true.  The "however" comes in when you are breeding two superior - not inferior - parent dogs who have
been fully tested and cleared for the genetic issues that most affect that particular breed.  In the case of
a breeder such as myself, who only breeds genetically sound dogs, the offspring will be genetically sound
and, if any offspring are used for breeding, they, too would be tested and cleared and only bred to
another tested and cleared dog.  Thus, the lines actually get more sound as several generations of
healthy, genetically sound puppies are produced.  IF non-tested dogs are used for backcrosses and
multigenerational breedings, then the health would assumedly decline as inferior breeding dogs keep an
inferior line going.  

Q.         I can find goldendoodles for $500 to $800.  Why should I pay more for your puppies?


Q.          Do goldendoodles like:  water, snow, traveling, children?  
A.         They say a photograph is worth a thousand words, so........
The answers set forth below are our OUR answers from OUR
personal breeding experience and OUR personal breeding
program, beliefs and ethics.  In your research, you may find
differing answers/opinions.  We are happy to answer any
questions you may have and provide you with support for our